The World Health Organization (WHO) has listed out ten threats of Global Health in 2019. If these threats are not taken adequately then millions of lives will be at risk. The United Nations has started a 5-year strategic plan to handle these issues. Here are most lists of ten major threat of Global Health.
1 Air Pollution and Climate Change
Air pollution considered the greatest environmental risk to Global Health. It can damage the lung’s heart and brain more than 70% of people die due to diseases of Cancer stroke and heart. Climatic changes are the main cause of the increase in earth temperature. R5ising sea level due to the melting of glaciers and polar ice caps.
Noncommunicable diseases such as cancer, heart, and stroke are collectively responsible for over 70% of all deaths in the world. Millions of people affected due to these diseases.
3 Global influenza Pandemic
WHO says on its website, Word is waiting to face another influenza W H O is monitoring the circulation of Influenza viruses in different countries.
4 Fragile and Vulnerable Setting
More than 22% of the global population lives in a place where sustain crisis such as drought, famine, = conflict and population displacement. A fragile setting exists in almost all regions of the world.
5 Noncommunicable diseases such as cancer,
heart and stroke area unit jointly responsible for over the seventieth of all deaths within the world. Millions of individuals have an effect on thanks to these diseases.
antimicrobial resistance ability of bacterium, viruses, and fungi to resist drugs may send the medical fraternity back to a time once it absolutely was no really easy to treat an infection like respiratory disease tuberculosis gonorrhea and salmonellosis.
6 Ebola and Other High-Threat Pathogens
in 2018 The Democratic Republic of Congo faces two separate Ebola outbreak both separate to Cities of more than 1 million people. It can become a major threat if the ebola outbreak spread in urban areas is in highly populated cities. this is a real risk to neighboring countries and the international community.
7-week Primary Health Care
In the world, many countries do not have adequate Primary Health Care facilities this is due to a lack of resources in lower or middle-income countries. People of most developing countries are facing this issue. Primary Health Care can be improved by a focus on the real issue and utilize resources on disease programs health systems with efficient Primary Health Care are needed to achieve universal health coverage.
8 Vaccine Hesitancy
The reluctance or refusal to vaccinate despite the availability of vaccine threatens to reverse progress made in tackling vaccine-preventable diseases. The causes of that situation are different in a different region but major causes are lack of knowledge and lack of confidence.
The mosquito-borne disease that causes flu-like symptoms can be Lethal and kill up to 20% of those with severe dengue it has been a growing threat for decades. An estimated 40% of the world is at risk of dengue fever. In the rainy season, a lot of cases occur in countries such as India and Bangladesh.
HIV has reached every corner of the world.
However, some reason is more effective than others, Due to the spread of HIV nearly a million people dying every year. The WHO decided to work with countries to support to introduce self-testing techniques so that more people living with this virus need to know the status and can receive treatment in time